公共卫生健康管理系统包含哪些?

2022-07-11
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摘要: 双向转诊系统Two way referral system双向转诊是通过信息化手段实现医院与基层医院或社区卫生服务之间的病人、病历信息的双向转诊和信息...
双向转诊系统
Two way referral system
双向转诊是通过信息化手段实现医院与基层医院或社区卫生服务之间的病人、病历信息的“双向转诊”和信息共享的信息化系统。
Two way referral is an information system that realizes the "Two-way Referral" and information sharing of patient and medical record information between hospitals and grass-roots hospitals or community health services through information means.
环球公共卫生软件解决了传统的转诊模式的不便利因素。借助双向转诊跟踪服务系统,社区医生根据患者的病情,可以在自己的电脑上为患者选择转诊、挂号预约、出诊请求、会诊申请、实时指导等多项医疗服务。基层医生可以通过双向转诊系统直接上传转诊信息与病人就诊信息,区域双向转诊办公室医务人员可以同步看到上传信息,并及时进行相应的分解处理;遇有需要转入社区康复的患者,系统将患者住院的相关病史资料及康复指导建议等一并下转到基层,社区医生随时可看到或调阅有关信息,不仅运转方便,而且实现了大小医院信息资源共享。
Global public health software solves the inconvenient factors of the traditional referral mode. With the help of the two-way referral tracking service system, community doctors can choose many medical services for patients on their own computers, such as referral, registration appointment, visit request, consultation application, real-time guidance and so on. Grassroots doctors can directly upload referral information and patient treatment information through the two-way referral system, and the medical staff of the regional two-way referral office can synchronously see the uploaded information and decompose it in time; In case of patients who need to be transferred to community rehabilitation, the system will transfer the relevant medical history data and rehabilitation guidance suggestions of the patients to the grass-roots level. The community doctors can see or access the relevant information at any time, which is not only convenient to operate, but also realizes the sharing of information resources between large and small hospitals.
健康记录共享系统
Health record sharing system
健康记录信息就是以个人基本信息为基础,通过市民身份识别主索引(医疗卫生一卡通)的方式,来保证各个业务主线的应用系统识别出同一个自然人,在出生时形成出生证信息,在就诊时形成就诊信息,在住院时形成病案首页信息;在个人死亡之后会产生死亡医学证明信息;另外,在个人参加医疗卫生服务时,会产生其他相应的信息,如儿童保健信息、孕产妇保健信息、健康合格证信息、计划免疫信息而等。通过以上信息的综合,形成个人健康记录史。
Health record information is based on personal basic information, through the way of citizen identification main index (medical and health all-in-one card), to ensure that the application system of each business line identifies the same natural person, forming birth certificate information at birth, medical treatment information at the time of treatment, and medical record home page information at the time of hospitalization; Medical certificate information of death will be generated after personal death; In addition, when individuals participate in medical and health services, other corresponding information will be generated, such as child health information, maternal health information, health certificate information, planned immunization information, etc. Through the synthesis of the above information, a personal health record is formed.
信息收集应融入到医疗卫生机构的日常服务工作中,随时产生、主动推送,一方采集、多方共享。健康档案可为病人、医生管理者等各类角色应用。
Information collection should be integrated into the daily service work of medical and health institutions, generated at any time, actively pushed, collected by one party and shared by many parties. Health records can be used by patients, doctors, managers and other roles.
决策支持系统
decision support system
区域卫生信息查询、分析决策支持,也是整个平台的Business Intelligence。通过中间件、网络计算等手段将区域内医疗卫生数据大集中,为行政主管部门决策提供数据支持。建立多维数据模型,对新农合业务的开展进行多角度、多层面的分析,辅助决策。包括《住院总费用图表》、《次均门诊费用图表》、《次均住院费用图表》、《门诊看病人数、病种、地区实时走势图》、《住院看病人数、病种、地区实时走势图》、《农民参合情况分析》、《基金分析--筹集情况分析、分配、使用情况分析》等图表。
Regional health information query, analysis and decision support are also the business intelligence of the whole platform. Through middleware, network computing and other means, the medical and health data in the region will be centralized to provide data support for the decision-making of administrative departments. Establish a multi-dimensional data model to conduct multi angle and multi-level analysis on the development of the new rural cooperative medical service and assist decision-making. Including "chart of total hospitalization expenses", "chart of average outpatient expenses per time", "chart of average inpatient expenses per time", "real-time trend chart of outpatient number, disease type and region", "real-time trend chart of inpatient number, disease type and region", "analysis of farmers' participation", "fund analysis - Analysis of raising, distribution and use", and other charts.
医学知识库系统(合理用药)
Medical knowledge base system (rational drug use)
医学知识库,是权威的药物、疾病、手术等知识库,通过共享,供医护人员参考与学习。药学知识库针对医院用药不合理现象,提供合理用药功能,对医生所开的处方进行快速专业的监测,检查用药处方或医嘱的合理性(包括对药物过敏、药物相互作用、药品配伍禁忌、老年儿童妇女用药、病人病生态等项目检测)及时将监测结果提供给医生、药师、护士参考,减少用药不合理性的发生。疾病知识库与药学知识库类似,能为医生、护士提供专业疾病知识库参考,提高医生专业知识水平。
Medical knowledge base is the authoritative knowledge base of drugs, diseases, surgery and so on, which can be shared for medical staff to refer to and learn. Aiming at the irrational phenomenon of drug use in hospitals, the pharmaceutical knowledge base provides the function of rational drug use, carries out rapid and professional monitoring of the prescriptions prescribed by doctors, checks the rationality of drug prescriptions or medical orders (including the detection of drug allergy, drug interaction, drug incompatibility, drug use for elderly children and women, patient disease ecology and other items), and timely provides the monitoring results to doctors, pharmacists and nurses for reference, so as to reduce the occurrence of irrational drug use. Disease knowledge base is similar to pharmaceutical knowledge base, which can provide doctors and nurses with professional disease knowledge base reference and improve doctors' professional knowledge level.
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