健康小屋智慧社区干预方法

2022-05-11
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摘要: 健康小屋建立健康指导团队,健康小屋基于我市智慧社区健康小屋,联合我院大学生创新创业基地,建立专门的健康指导团队。统一培训跨理论模型...
健康小屋建立健康指导团队,健康小屋基于我市智慧社区“健康小屋”,联合我院大学生创新创业基地,建立专门的健康指导团队。统一培训跨理论模型健康教育方法,以保证社区健康指导顺利进行。
A health guidance team will be established in the health house. Based on the "health house" of the smart community in our city, the health house will establish a special health guidance team in conjunction with the college students' innovation and entrepreneurship base of our college. Unify the training of cross theoretical model health education methods to ensure the smooth progress of community health guidance.
健康小屋智慧社区干预方法
Healthy house smart community intervention method
健康小屋对照组干预方法 社区居民采取传统健康教育方法,由健康指导团队的学生对社区居民进行健康体检知识的宣传,宣传内容包括健康体检的好处和基本知识、健康体检的间隔时间、目前病谱的变化、常见慢性病的基本知识、健康生活方式等,共干预 2 次。
Intervention methods community residents in the control group of health hut adopted traditional health education methods, and the students of the health guidance team publicized the health examination knowledge of community residents. The publicity contents included the benefits and basic knowledge of health examination, the interval of health examination, the changes of current disease spectrum, the basic knowledge of common chronic diseases, healthy lifestyle, etc. for a total of 2 interventions.
健康小屋观察组干预方法 社区居民采取跨理论模型健康小屋健康教育内容同对照组,方法如下。
The intervention method of health hut observation group community residents adopted a cross theoretical model. The content of health education in health hut was the same as that in the control group. The methods were as follows.
评估:健康小屋干预前研究者根据自行设计的社区居民健康体检行为调查表,评估研究对象所处的行为变化阶段,并找到其不愿体检的原因。
Evaluation: before the intervention of health hut, the researchers evaluated the behavior change stage of the subjects according to the self-designed questionnaire of health examination behavior of community residents, and found the reasons why they were unwilling to take a physical examination.
社区居民健康体检行为调查表评估内容包括:你认为体检对健康有益,你掌握健康体检的知识吗?您在“健康小屋”体检过吗?您定期在“健康小屋”体检吗?
The evaluation contents of the questionnaire on health examination behavior of community residents include: do you think physical examination is beneficial to health? Do you master the knowledge of health examination? Have you had a physical examination in the "health cabin"? Do you have a regular physical examination in the "health cabin"?
采取 5 级评分法,0 分为没有,且目前不想体检;1 分为没有,将来打算去做;2 分为有,并准备去做;3 分为曾经体检过,但没有定期去;
Adopt the 5-level scoring method, 0 points means no, and do not want to have a physical examination at present; 1: No, I plan to do it in the future; 2 points: Yes, and ready to do it; 3 points: once had a physical examination, but did not go regularly;
4 分为已经定期去体检。得分≤3 分为前意向阶段,4~7 分为意向阶段,8~11 分为准备阶段,12~15 分为行动阶段,≥分为维持阶段。量表经反复预实验,并进行专家咨询,效度为 0.80,信度为 0.86。
4 points: regular physical examination has been carried out. Score ≤ 3 is the pre intention stage, 4 ~ 7 is the intention stage, 8 ~ 11 is the preparation stage, 12 ~ 15 is the action stage, and ≥ 3 is the maintenance stage. After repeated pre experiments and expert consultation, the validity of the scale is 0.80 and the reliability is 0.86.
干预:根据评估结果给予研究与所处阶段相对应的干预措施。
Intervention: give the intervention measures corresponding to the stage of the study according to the evaluation results.
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